Coping with the loss of a friend
Sometimes the passing of a pet can be very unexpected – a sudden illness or car accident. It can be devastating. It may not sink in for several days and may cause a fluctuating mix of emotions.
The way a pet has passed away may cause feelings of guilt or anger. These feelings are normal and will usually pass in a few days.
Children can be very upset by the sudden death of a pet. For them, the loss of a pet may provoke feelings of abandonment. Or they may be concerned that their parents may also die. Never lie to children or use terms that could be misunderstood, such as ‘gone to sleep’ or that the pet has been ‘re-homed’. The child may think that their pet will just wake up, or that it was their fault the pet went away.
If you have the opportunity to say goodbye, this can be very reassuring. Many people find that the sight of their pet, even though it may be unpleasant, helps them come to terms with their loss , so they can start the grieving process.
Our vets and vet nurses are especially sensitive to owners’ needs at times of loss. We know that it can be very hard to see a beloved pet suffer and to have to make a decision about it. We understand that considering euthanasia is one of the emotionally most difficult decisions an owner may ever have to make.
Euthanasia – making the decision
Euthanasia comes from the Greek for "gentle death." It is a great gift to be able to avoid pain and suffering and to allow an animal to slip away swiftly and painlessly. It is a very emotional time for the owner and the vet. Taking the decision to let go of a treasured companion is never easy and your veterinary surgeon will guide you about when the time is right.
If you are considering euthanasia, you can ask yourself a number of questions.
Is your animal:
- Suffering from pain, distress or serious discomfort which cannot be effectively controlled?
- Having difficulty walking or balancing?
- Finding it hard to eat and drink enough without vomiting to maintain good bodily condition?
- Suffering from inoperable or untreatable tumours which cause pain or serious discomfort?
- Having difficulty breathing?
- Incontinent or having difficulty urinating or defecating?
- Suffering from abnormal behaviour?
- And is the owner unable to cope physically and emotionally with any nursing or medication that may be required?
- If ‘yes’ is the answer to any of these questions, then euthanasia may be the best option for your pet.
What happens when an animal is put to sleep?
A vet or a nurse will explain with sympathy and understanding what will happen. Some people may be too upset at the time to discuss it, so don't be afraid to ask before you decide or afterwards if you have any questions. You may wish to arrange the appointment at a time when the practice is quiet.
You will be asked to sign a consent form giving the vet permission to carry out euthanasia. You may be asked if you want to stay with your pet. It is entirely your choice. Some people find it comforting, while others find it distressing. You have to decide what you are most comfortable with.
Your pet will be given an injection, usually into a vein in the front leg, although some types of injection are given into a muscle. A nurse often helps the vet with this. The injection is similar to an anaesthetic and the animal usually falls asleep within seconds if it is given into the vein. Once your pet loses consciousness, it will then stop breathing and the heart will stop; this usually takes about a minute, but can take longer in pets with poor circulation. There may be a few muscle tremors or deep shallow breaths, but this is quite normal. The eyes normally stay open and sometimes the animal may lose control of its bladder. You will now be given a few moments with your pet if you want time to say goodbye.
After an animal is put to sleep
Most people leave their pet with the vet who will arrange cremation. If you prefer to take your pet home for burial, please inform the vet or nurse before the euthanasia is performed.
PDSA sends all deceased pets for cremation. Pets are communally cremated and the ashes are then buried. If you prefer to have an individual cremation and want the ashes returned, PDSA staff will advise you on how to make these arrangements.
Coping with grief
We know that the death of a pet is very upsetting. So it’s important to allow yourself time to grieve. Take time to talk things over with friends and family. Tears are part of the healing process, so don't feel embarrassed – it helps when you release these intense emotions. Everyone reacts differently to grief but rest assured that these sad feelings will fade in time.
The grief process consists of a number of stages: disbelief, pain, anger, guilt and acceptance.
- The first stage is disbelief and shock. It may be hard to accept that your pet is no longer with you – and your home may feel very empty.
- The next stage is pain, anger and depression. This is the time you especially need the support of family and friends and a listening ear.
- Many people will experience feelings of guilt: "Did I do the right thing?", "What could I have done to prevent it?". This is normal and understandable. It will ease in time.
- Acceptance is the last stage. You have accepted the reality of the loss of your pet. Whilst you will always be sad, you can now look back and smile at the many memories of the happy time you shared together.
Your veterinary practice may have a bereavement counsellor or they may put you in touch with one if you need more help.
Pet Tribute Garden
This beautiful garden is the perfect place to commemorate special pets. The tranquil setting is an idyllic haven where you can have quiet reflection for your much-missed four-legged friend.
Create a tribute page for your beloved pet
A tribute page is a truly special place where your family and friends can join together to pay your respects and honour the memory of a beloved pet. It’s a place where you can say what you really feel about a pet which is no longer with you.
Create a tribute page for your beloved pet
Useful references, addresses and links
Here is some further information which you may find useful in coping with the loss of a pet.
- PDSA's E-learning module
- Download our leaflet on Dealing with grief
- “Absent Friend: Coping with the loss of a treasured pet” by Laura and Martyn Lee, published by Henston Ltd. (ISBN 978-1850540892)
- “Companion Animal Death” by Mary F Stewart, published by Butterworth-Heinemann (ISBN 978-0750640763)
- “A Loving Farewell” by Davina Woodcock, published by DogSense Publications (ISBN 978-0954163600)
- “Goodbye, Dear Friend” by Virginia Ironside, published by JR Books Ltd. (ISBN 978-1906217938)
- Pet Bereavement Support Service (PBSS) Freephone 0800 096 6606 Email
- PDSA National Collection of Pet Memories Freephone 0800 591248
- “Missing my pet” by Alex Lambert, published by BGTF Ltd (ISBN 978-0955411816)
This information on dealing with grief is written by our veterinary experts.